Prune Your Tree to Bear More Fruit
The best way to learn how to prune fruit trees is to know first and foremost how fruit trees grow. Understanding that your fruit tree is made up of two basic parts enables you to prune your fruit tree better.
Most fruit trees that you will see are grafted. Usually, the bottom part is from a tree that bears fruit poorly, while the top part is from a tree that produces good fruit. Experts turn to grafting in order to produce more trees of good quality.
It is important to have a healthy tree in order for pruning to get better results in improved fruit production.
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Oftentimes, if you order by mail, you get a bare rooted tree. It is important to trim bare rooted trees before planting. If your tree was grown in a pot, cutbacks may not be needed. But trees that have been dug up have obviously seen some damage on its roots and needs to be cutback.
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Sometimes it helps to prune the top part of the tree and its roots, if you get your tree by mail order. Proceed by trimming the broken roots and roots that appear jagged. This gives your tree smooth recovery. All the roots must be on equal level with the surface.
A fruit tree with no side branches needs to be cutback by a third of its height. A fruit tree that is six feet long should be cut about two feet, leaving four feet of tree to be transplanted. The cut should be done above the bud, and in a slanted way.
Trees that have branches should be trimmed by cutting off broken branches, withered branches, and branches that are almost touching the ground. Every strong and healthy branch also needs to be cut by a third of its length. Look for the bud and cut the branches on its outer side in order for the new branches to grow outwardly and not toward the tree trunk.
Since you have just gotten a fruit tree, there are a couple of things you also need to remember. Soaking bare rooted trees for several hours when they arrive is crucial. Keep in mind also that you need good quality soil and proper depth for your new fruit tree.
There are things you can do to your tree, like snipping and pinching, to save you the trouble later. It is good to visualize your tree in its maturity while it is still young to motivate you to trim it and snip off its buds. All pruning done on the first year shapes the tree and keeps the branches limited. This helps the tree to bear fruit. It is true however that some trees are harder to shape than others.
It takes time to master the art of pruning, but when you master it, your tree will yield more fruit to your satisfaction.